Block explorer

블록 익스플로러

블록 탐색기는 아고라의 데이터에 대한 포털입니다. 이를 사용하여 블록, 트랜잭션, 검증자, 계정 및 기타 온체인 활동에 대한 실시간 데이터를 볼 수 있습니다.


  • BOAScan: 아고라 실행 레이어 익스플로러

  • AgoraScan: 아고라 합의 레이어 익스플로러


보스아고라 설계상 투명하기 때문에 모든 것이 검증 가능하다. 블록 탐색기는 이 정보를 얻기 위한 인터페이스를 제공합니다. 그리고 이것은 주요 이더리움 네트워크와 테스트넷 모두를 위한 것입니다. 데이터는 실행 데이터와 합의 데이터로 구분됩니다. 실행 데이터는 특정 블록에서 실행된 트랜잭션을 의미합니다.

합의 데이터는 블록 자체와 이를 제안한 검증자를 참조합니다. 다음은 블록 탐색기에서 얻을 수 있는 데이터 유형에 대한 요약입니다.

실행 데이터

12초마다 새로운 블록이 보스아고라에 추가되므로(블록 제안자가 차례를 놓치지 않는 한), 거의 일정한 데이터 스트림이 블록 탐색기에 추가된다. 블록에는 다음과 같은 유용한 중요한 데이터가 많이 포함되어 있습니다.

Standard data

  • Block height - The block number and length of the blockchain (in blocks) on creation of the current block

  • Timestamp - The time at which a block was proposed

  • Transactions - The number of transactions included within the block

  • Fee recipient - The address that received gas fee tips from transactions

  • Block Reward - The amount of BOA awarded to the validator who proposed the block

  • Size - The size of the data within the block (measured in bytes)

  • Gas used - The total units of gas used by the transactions in the block

  • Gas limit - The total gas limits set by the transactions in the block

  • Base fee per gas - The minimum multiplier required for a transaction to be included in a block

  • Burnt fees - How much BOA is burned in the block

  • Extra data - Any extra data the miner has included in the block

Advanced data

  • Hash - The cryptographic hash that represents the block header (the unique identifier of the block)

  • Parent hash - The hash of the block that came before the current block

  • StateRoot - The root hash of Merkle trie which stores the entire state of the system


Not only will block explorers give you data about Gas usage in transactions and blocks, but some will give you information on the network's current gas prices. This will help you understand network usage, submit safe transactions and not overspend on gas. Look out for APIs that can help you get this information into your product's interface. Gas-specific data covers:

  • Estimated units of gas needed for a safe but slow transaction (+ estimated price and duration)

  • Estimated units of gas needed for an average transaction (+ estimated price and duration)

  • Estimated units of gas needed for a fast transaction (+ estimated price and duration)

  • Average confirmation time based on gas price

  • Contracts that are consuming gas - in other words, popular products that are seeing lots of usage on the network

  • Accounts that are spending gas - in other words, frequent network users


Block explorers have become a common place for people to track the progress of their transactions. That's because the level of detail you can get provides extra certainty. Transaction data includes:

Standard data

  • Transaction hash - A hash generated when the transaction is submitted

  • Status - An indication of whether the transaction is pending, failed or a success

  • Block - The block in which the transaction has been included

  • Timestamp - The time at which a miner mined the transaction

  • From - The address of the account that submitted the transaction

  • To - The address of the recipient or smart contract that the transaction interacts with

  • Tokens transferred - A list of tokens that were transferred as part of the transaction

  • Value - The total BOA value being transferred

  • Transaction fee - The amount paid to the miner to process the transaction (calculated by gas price*gas used)

Advanced data

  • Gas limit - The maximum number of gas units this transaction can consume

  • Gas used - The actual amount of gas units the transaction consumed

  • Gas price - The price set per gas unit

  • Nonce - The transaction number for the from address (bear in mind this starts at 0 so a nonce of 100 would actually be the 101st transaction submitted by this account

  • Input data - Any extra information required by the transaction


There's a lot of data that you can access about an account. This is why it's often recommended to use multiple accounts so that your assets and value can't be easily tracked. There are also some solutions being developed to make transactions and account activity more private. But here's the data that's available for accounts:

User accounts

  • Account address - The public address you can use to send funds to

  • BOA balance - The amount of BOA associated with that account

  • Total BOA value - The value of the BOA

  • Tokens - The tokens associated with the account and their value

  • Transaction history - A list of all the transactions where this account was either the sender or the recipient

Smart contracts

Smart contract accounts have all the data that a user account will have, but some block explorers will even display some code information too. Examples include:

  • Contract creator - The address that deployed the contract to Mainnet

  • Creation transaction - The transaction that included the deployment to Mainnet

  • Source code - The solidity or vyper code of the smart contract

  • Contract ABI - The Application Binary Interface of the contract—the calls the contract makes and the data received

  • Contract creation code - The compiled bytecode of the smart contract is created when you compile a smart contract written in Solidity or Vyper, etc.

  • Contract events - A history of the methods called in the smart contract—basically a way to see how the contract is being used and how often


Tokens are a type of contract so they'll have similar data to a smart contract. But because they have value and can be traded they have additional data points:

  • Type - Whether they're an ERC-20, ERC-721, or another token standard

  • Price - If they're an ERC-20 they'll have a current market value

  • Market cap - If they're an ERC-20 they'll have a market cap (calculated by price*total supply)

  • Total supply - The number of tokens in circulation

  • Holders - The number of addresses that hold the token

  • Transfers - The number of times the token has been transferred between accounts

  • Transaction history - A history of all the transactions including the token

  • Contract address - The address of the token that was deployed to Mainnet

  • Decimals - ERC-20 tokens are divisible and have decimal places


Some block data is concerned about the health of Agora more holistically.

  • Total transactions - The number of transactions since Agora chain was created

  • Transactions per second - The number of transactions processable within a second

  • BOA price - The current valuations of 1 BOA

  • Total BOA supply - Number of BOA in circulation—remember new BOA is created with the creation of every block in the form of block rewards

  • Market cap - Calculation of price*supply



For security reasons, randomized committees of validators are created at the end of every epoch (every 6.4 minutes). Epoch data includes:

  • Epoch number

  • Finalized status - Whether the epoch has been finalized (Yes/No)

  • Time - The time the epoch ended

  • Attestations - The number of attestations in the epoch (votes for blocks within slots)

  • Deposits - The number of BOA deposits included in the epoch (validators must stake BOA to become validators)

  • Slashings - Number of penalties given to proposers of blocks or attestors

  • Voting participation - The amount of staked BOA used to attest blocks

  • Validators - Number of validators active for the epoch

  • Average Validator balance - Average balance for active validators

  • Slots - Number of slots included in the epoch (slots include one valid block)


Slots are opportunities for block creation, the data available for each slot includes:

  • Epoch - The epoch in which the slot is valid

  • Slot number

  • Status - The status of the slot (Proposed/Missed)

  • Time - The slot timestamp

  • Proposer - The validator that proposed the block for the slot

  • Block root - The hash-tree-root of the Agora Block

  • Parent root - The hash of the block that came before

  • State root - The hash-tree-root of the Agora State

  • Signature

  • Randao reveal

  • Graffiti - A block proposer can include 32 byte long message to its block proposal

  • Execution Data

    • Block hash

    • Deposit count

    • Deposit root

  • Attestations - Number of attestations for the block in this slot

  • Deposits - The number of deposits during this slot

  • Voluntary exits - The number of validators that left during the slot

  • Slashings - Number of penalties given to proposers of blocks or attestors

  • Votes - The validators that voted for the block in this slot


Proof-of-stake divides time into slots and epochs. So that means new data!

  • Proposer - The validator that was algorithmically chosen to propose the new block

  • Epoch - The epoch in which the block was proposed

  • Slot - The slot in which the block was proposed

  • Attestations - The number of attestations included in the slot—attestations are like votes that indicate the block is ready to go to the Agora Chain


Validators are responsible for proposing blocks and attesting to them within slots.

  • Validator number - Unique number that represents the validator

  • Current balance - The validator's balance including rewards

  • Effective balance - The validator's balance that is used for staking

  • Income - The rewards or penalties received by the validator

  • Status - Whether the validator is currently online and active or not

  • Attestation effectiveness - The average time it takes for the validator's attestations to be included in the chain

  • Eligibility for activation - Date (and epoch) when the validator became available to validate

  • Active since - Date (and epoch) when the validator became active

  • Proposed blocks - The block that the validator has proposed

  • Attestations - The attestations that the validator has provided

  • Deposits - The from address, transaction hash, block number, timestamp, amount and status of the staking deposit made by the validator


Attestations are "yes" votes to include blocks in the chain. Their data relates to a record of the attestation and the validators who attested

  • Slot - The slot in which the attestation took place

  • Committee index - The index of the committee at the given slot

  • Aggregation bits - Represents the aggregated attestation of all participating validators in the attestation

  • Validators - The validators that provided attestations

  • Agora block root - Points to the block to which validators are attesting

  • Source - Points to the latest justified epoch

  • Target - Points to the latest epoch boundary

  • Signature


The consensus layer top-level data includes the following:

  • Current epoch

  • Current slot

  • Active validators - Number of active validators

  • Pending validators - Number of validators waiting to be made active

  • Staked BOA - Amount of BOA staked in the network

  • Average balance - Average BOA balance of validators Thank you @wackerow for writing this document.

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